Canada 1893 cent
In 1893, Canada was a young Confederation and did not have its own mint. All of coins used by the Canadians were struck in England. The coins that don't have a mint mark were struck at the Royal Mint at London and the coins with the "H" mint mark (found just under the date on the reverse side) were struck at the Heaton Mint at Birmingham.
On the obverse side of the large cent, there are four slightly different portraits of Queen Victoria known as Portrait 1, 2, 3 and 4. From 1893 to 1901, the English mint only used Portrait 4. There were three varieties used on the reverse of the Canadian large cent. From 1891-1901 the small leaf die was used. For a complete details and photos of how to tell the different obverse and reverse apart, see .
Recorded mintage: 2,000,000.
Specification: .95 copper, .04 tin, .01 zinc; 5.67 grams, 25.4 mm diameter, plain edge. Designed by Leonard C. Wyon and G. W. DeSaulles.
- Cuhaj, George S., and Thomas Michael, Standard Catalog of World Coins, 1801-1900, 7th ed., Iola, WI: Krause Publications, 2012.
- Cross, W. K., The Charlton Standard Catalogue of Canadian Coins, 62nd Ed., Toronto: Charlton International, 2008.