Burgundy 1623 patagon Dav-4472
"FRANCHE-COMTE, Philippe IV (1621-1665), AR patagon, 1623, Dole. Différent: croisette. D/ Croix de Bourgogne sous une couronne, portant le bijou de la Toison d'or. R/ Ecu couronné, entouré du collier de la Toison d'or. Très rare Fêlure du flan. presque Très Beau. (free county of Burgundy, Philip IV, 1621-65, silver patagon of 1523, Dole mint, cross privy mark. Obverse: Burgundian cross under a crown, bearing the jewel of the Golden Fleece; reverse: crowned arms, Order of the Golden Fleece around. Very rare, planchet flaw, about very fine.)"This coin is listed by the SCWC under France but should be filed with Spanish Netherlands. The type was struck 1622-39. It is much scarcer than Antwerp issues but is awarded little premium.
Patagons were issued in the Spanish Netherlands and associated states (including the bishopric of Liege and Franche Comte) during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, where they competed with French écus, German talers and Dutch daalders and ducatons. The type shown here was struck at the Antwerp mint 1622-65 and at the Maastricht mint 1625-31. A very similar coin was struck for Flanders (Dav-4464), Luxembourg (Dav-4468) and Tournai (Dav-4470). The SCWC notes the Flemish issues as the most common, followed by the Brabant issue, tho none are plentiful today. The series is plagued by bad planchets and poor strikes, reducing their appeal to collectors.
Franche Comte was originally part of the Burgundian inheritance. When the native dynasty lapsed in 1477, the lands were partitioned between the king of France and the Hapsburgs. The duchy of Burgundy fell to France and the county of Burgundy (later called Franche Comte) to the Hapsburgs and then to the Spanish Hapsburgs. Long coveted by the French kings, the county finally fell to Louis XIV in the late 1670's and incorporated into the royal domain. Besançon, the capital, became the site of a French mint (mintmark "CC").
Recorded mintage: unknown but scarce. This is a common date for the type.
Specification: 28.1 g, .875 fine silver, the first specimen 26.87 grams, the second specimen 27,81 g.
Catalog reference: G.H. 329-8a (non répertorié); Delm-299, Dav-4472, KM-15 (French States).
- Cuhaj, George S., and Thomas Michael, Standard Catalog of World Coins, 1601-1700, 6th ed., Iola, WI: Krause Publications, 2014.
- Davenport, John S., European Crowns, 1600-1700, Galesburg, IL, 1974.
- van der Wis, Jan, and Tom Passon, Catalogus van de Nederlandse Munten geslagen sind bet aantreden van Philips II tot aan het einde van de Bataafse Republiek (1555-1806), 2nd ed., Apeldoorn, Netherlands: Omni-Trading b.v., 2009.
- Sedwick, Daniel F., Augi Garcia and Cori Sedwick Downing, Treasure Auction #21, featuring Selections from the Richard Stuart Collection, Winter Park, FL: Daniel Frank Sedwick, LLC, 2017.
- Elsen, Philippe, et al., Vente Publique 137, Brussels: Jean Elsen et ses Fils, S.A., 2018.