Brazil 1861 20000 reis
This specimen was lot 23132 in Heritage sale 3030 (New York, January 2014), where it sold for $1,997.50. The catalog description noted, "Pedro II gold 20000 Reis 1861, MS63 NGC. Vibrant mint bloom delivers exceptional eye appeal with limited distractions on either side. A wonderful representative for the type collector." This type, struck 1853-89, is the most common gold coin of the Empire. It is accompanied by gold 10000 réis (struck 1853-89) and 5000 réis (struck 1854-59). In 1889, the emperor was overthrown by a conspiracy of slaveowners fearful of his advocacy of abolition. World public opinion forced the oligarchy to abolish slavery the next year anyway.
Recorded mintage: unknown but common.
Specification: 17.93 g, .917 fine gold, .528 troy oz.
Catalog reference: KM 468, Russo-681, Fr-121a.
- Friedberg, Arthur L. and Ira S. Friedberg, Gold Coins of the World, From Ancient Times to the Present, 7th ed., Clifton, NJ: Coin and Currency Institute, 2003.
- Cuhaj, George S., and Thomas Michael, Standard Catalog of World Coins, 1801-1900, 7th ed., Iola, WI: Krause Publications, 2012.
- Pimentel, Alvaro Mendes, Catálogo de Moedas Brasileiras de 1643 a 1962, 9a Ed., Rio de Janeiro, 1962.
- Bierrenbach, Cristiano, Warren Tucker and David Michaels, Heritage World and Ancient Coins Auction 3030, featuring the RLM Collection, the Isaac Rudman Collection, the Hans Cook Collection and the Collection of Donald E. Bently, Dallas, TX: Heritage Auction Galleries, 2013.