Brazil 1814-R 10 reis
This specimen was struck at the Rio mint in Brazil in 1814. The minting of copper ten réis began in 1693 and continued steadily thru the eighteenth century. Issues became larger and more frequent after 1802. This type was struck at Lisbon 1802-05, Bahia 1815-18 and Rio 1805-15. Large numbers were minted until 1831, well after independence. This date is rather scarce.
By the 1830's, so many had been issued, along with copper five, twenty, forty and eighty réis, that the public began to refuse them. In 1835, the government called them in and countermarked them to half their former value to increase their acceptance. Private and counterfeit countermarks also exist, making this series confusing but fascinating to collect.
Recorded mintage: 66,000.
Catalog reference: KM 232.2.
- Cuhaj, George S., and Thomas Michael, Standard Catalog of World Coins, 1801-1900, 7th ed., Iola, WI: Krause Publications, 2012.
- Pimentel, Alvaro Mendes, Catálogo de Moedas Brasileiras de 1643 a 1962, 9a Ed., Rio de Janeiro, 1962.
- Amato, Claudio, Irlei S. Neves and Arnaldo Russo, Livro das Moedas do Brasil, 12a ed. Sao Paulo, 2008.
- Alberto Gomes and Francisco Antonio Magro, Moedas Portuguesas e do Território Que Hoje é Portugal: Catálogo das Moedas Cunhadas para o Continentes e Ilhas Adjacentes, para os Territórios do Ultramar e Grão-Mestres Portugueses da Ordem de Malta, 6ª Edição, Lisbon: Associação Numismática de Portugal, 2013.