Bohemia 1759 ducat Fr-409

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Jean Elsen sale 134, lot 1524
This specimen was lot 1524 in Jean Elsen sale 134 (Brussels, September 2017), where it sold for €7,500 (about US$10,589 including buyer's fees). The catalog description[1] noted,
"SAINT EMPIRE, Marie-Thérèse (1740-1780), AV ducat, 1759, Prague. D/ B. dr. et diad. à d. R/ Aigle impériale éployée et couronnée, avec l'écu de Bohême sur la poitrine. Très rare. Très Beau/Superbe. (Holy Roman Empire, Maria Theresia, 1740-80, gold ducat of 1759, Prague mint. Obverse: draped and diademed bust right; reverse: crowned imperial eagle displayed with the arms of Bohemia on its breast. Very rare, very fine to extremely fine.)"
This type was struck 1745-65 from Prague (shown here), Graz and Hall but is not common. Altho the issues of Francis I are mintmarked, those of Maria Theresia are not and must be distinguished by careful study of the shield on the eagle's breast. On the death of Charles VI in 1740, the redoubtable Maria Theresia was crowned Archduchess of Austria and queen of Hungary but, being a woman, could not be given the imperial crown. Therefore, after much debate and a war fomented by Frederick the Great of Prussia, her husband Francis of Lorraine was crowned Holy Roman Emperor in 1745.

Recorded mintage: unknown.

Specification: 3.5 g, .986 find gold, .110 troy oz AGW; this specimen is 3,46 g.

Catalog reference: KM 756, Her. 179; Dietiker 1084; Eypeltauer 69; Fr-409.


  • Michael, Thomas, Standard Catalog of World Coins, 1701-1800, 7th ed., Iola, WI: Krause Publications, 2016.
  • Friedberg, Arthur L. and Ira S. Friedberg, Gold Coins of the World, From Ancient Times to the Present, 7th ed., Clifton, NJ: Coin and Currency Institute, 2003
  • [1]Elsen, Philippe, et al., Vente Publique 134, Brussels: Jean Elsen et ses Fils S.A., 2017.

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