Austria 1486 guldiner Dav-8087
"Erzherzog Sigismund von Tirol, 1477-1496. Guldiner 1486, Hall. Stempelschneider Wenzel Kröndl. Der Erzherzog steht von vorne, links Löwe mit Wappen, rechts Helm. Rv. Ritter nach rechts reitend, darunter die Jahreszahl, umher 16 Wappenschilde. Vorzüglich. (Archduke Sigismund of Tirol, 1477-96, guldiner of 1486, Hall mint. Obverse: the archduke stands, arms to left, helmet to right; reverse: armored and mounted knight rides to right, date below, sixteen shields around. Extremely fine.)"
The second specimen was lot 20276 in Ponterio sale 161 (Chicago, August 2011), where it sold for $4,887.50. The catalog description noted, "AUSTRIA. Tyrol. Guildiner, 1486. The Fi[r]st Dated Crown of the World. Sigismund (1439-90). A pleasing example of this extremely popular type. Evenly circulated showing moderate surface marks, toned. NGC VF-20."
In the mid-fifteenth century, large deposits of silver were discovered in the Alps and Carpathian mountains. At the same time, the screw press, originally invented to crush grapes, was adapted to minting, enabling the production of large coins. Thus the guldiner (later called the thaler) was born. This issue is believed to be the first dated coin in Europe.
Recorded mintage: unknown.
Specification: silver; the first specimen 31,72 g.
Catalog reference: Dav-8087, M./T. 64, Levinson IV-49a; Frey-274.
- Davenport, John S., European Crowns, 1484-1600, Frankfurt: Numismatischer Verlag, 1977.
- SINCONA AG, Munzen, Medaillen & Banknoten Auktion 1, Zurich, 2011.
- Ponterio, Rick, et al., Ponterio sale 161: The Chicago ANA Auction, Irvine, CA: Stack's-Bowers, LLC, 2011.