Austria

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Contents

Hapsburg monarchy

ducat

half thaler

thaler

two thaler

Leopold I, 1658-1705

kreuzer

three kreuzer

six kreuzer

fifteen kreuzer

half thaler

one thaler

two thaler

six ducats

Jozef I, 1705-1711

thaler

two thaler

ducat

Karl VI, 1711-1740

kreuzer

three kreuzer

half thaler

thaler

ducat

Maria Theresia 1740-1780

thaler

ducat

two ducats

six ducats

Jozef II 1780-1790

kreuzer

twenty kreuzer

ducat

Franz II (I) 1792-1835

kreuzer

fifteen kreuzer

half thaler

thaler

ducat

souverain d'or

Ferdinand I (1835-1848)

two kreuzer

three kreuzer

twenty kreuzer

thaler

ducat

Franz Jozef (1848-1916)

six kreuzer

one thaler

ducat

Florin

two florins

two thaler

four ducats

The Corona Coinage (1892-1918)

Austria-Hungary began to issue a new currency in 1892 called the corona in Latin, krone in German, korona in Hungarian and koruna in Czech. It was divided into 100 heller (Hungarian: filler, Czech: haléř). The one corona coin weighs 5 grams and has a silver content of .835, that is 4.175 grams. This made it identical to the French franc as defined by the Treaty constituting the Latin Monetary Union of 1865 and issued by France, Belgium, Switzerland, Italy, Spain and a number of other countries at least until the First World War. However, the Austro-Hungarian currency was slightly different in value. According to Baedeker’s guide to Northern Germany from 1913, one Austro-Hungarian corona was worth 1.065 French francs, 85 German pfennigs, 10.5 British pennies and 20.5 US cents. The coins were produced in two varieties: Austrian with Latin inscriptions and the Austrian crown, and Hungarian with Hungarian inscriptions and the Hungarian crown. The old florin or gulden coin remained in use for some time with a value of 2 coronae.

The First World War brought severe economic difficulties, which also affected the coinage. Production of silver and gold coins stopped and iron began to be used instead of bronze and nickel for the heller denominations. Franz Jozef died in 1916 and was succeeded by his brother’s grandson Karl, who ruled until the Monarchy broke up at the end of the war. The only coins produced in large numbers during his reign were small heller denominations, and these do not bear the name or portrait of the monarch. After the break up of the Monarchy, Austria and Hungary soon issued new currencies with new names. However, Czechoslovakia continued to call its currency the koruna and it is still used today in the Czech Republic.

The coins of the corona currency, giving metal, weight in grams,content of Ag or Au, weight of fine Ag or Au in grams and diameter in mm. (Hlinka, Kazimír and Kolníková p. 210)

1 heller bronze 1.60gr 17mm

2 heller bronze 3.20 gr 19mm

10 heller nickel 3gr 19mm

20 heller nickel 4gr 21mm

1 corona .835 Ag 5gr, fine Ag 4.175gr 23mm

2 coronae .835 Ag 10gr, fine Ag 8.35gr 27mm

5 coronae .900 Ag 24gr, fine Ag 21.60gr 36mm

10 coronae .900 Au 3.388gr fine Au 3.049gr 19mm

20 coronae .900 Au 6.775gr fine Au 6.098gr 21mm

100 coronae .900 Au 33.875gr. fine Au 30.488gr 37mm

Sources:

Baedeker’s Northern Germany. Leipzig 1913. Table of currencies at beginning.

Hlinka, Kazimír, Kolníková: Peniaze v našich dejinách (Money in our History), Bratislava 1976.

C.L. Krause and C. Mishler: Standard Catalogue of World Coins.

Recueil des traits de la France. Tome 9. The original text of the 1865 Treaty constituting the Latin Monetary Union can be found at http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k96073g/f473.image

Singer und Wolfnersche Reiseführer: Ungarn. Budapest 1896. The currency situation at the time is described on p.18

heller

two heller

ten heller

five corona

twenty corona

one hundred corona


Republic of Austria (1918-1938)

groschen

five groschen

ten groschen

one schilling

two schiliings

five schillings

one hundred schilling

Republic of Austria (1945-2001)

two groschen

five groschen

fifty groschen

schilling

five schillings

ten schillings

twenty-five schillings

fifty schilling

one hundred schillings

two hundred schillings

one thousand schillings

Euro coinage (since 1999)

one cent

ten cents

one euro

two euros

twenty euros

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