Assam (1681) 1 rupee

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IND-ASSAM 1603-1618-ND 1rupee Gadadhara-obv (2).JPG
IND-ASSAM 1603-1618-ND 1rupee Gadadhara-rev (2).JPG

Assam (Ahom Kingdom) began striking coins based on the rupee system in the 1600's. The design elements were borrowed from nearby Cooch Behar, but the octagonal shape was an invention of the Assamese. The Ahom script was until the reign of Gadadhara Simha, after which Sanskrit was used for most issues. Saka Era (SE) dates are 78 years earlier than current year dates in Western countries. Shown is a rupee From Gadadhara Simha with inscription in Ahom. Numerous varieties exist; this particular example, with a lion obverse and bird reverse, is not listed.

Recorded mintage: unknown.

Specification: silver.

Catalog reference: not listed, known varieties are KM#28-34.


  • Cuhaj, George S., and Thomas Michael, Standard Catalog of World Coins, 1601-1700, 6th ed., Iola, WI: Krause Publications, 2014.
  • Rhodes, N. G., and Bose, S. K. The Coinage of Assam - Volume II Ahom Period, Kolkata, India: A.O.P Pvt. Ltd., 2004.

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