Algeria 1949 20 francs
This twenty francs was struck at the Paris mint for the French colony of Algeria. The other date of this type is 1956, and it is accompanied by copper-nickel fifty and 100 francs. France had ruled Algeria since conquering it in the 1840's and many Frenchmen had emigrated there and set up farms, businesses, etc. However, the German occupation of France during World War Two fatally weakened French control and the native Muslim majority began to resist discrimination and oppression. Finally, after an eight year war, president Charles de Gaulle braved the wrath of the French right wing and granted Algeria independence in 1962. This coin strongly resembles the copper-nickel ten francs issued in France 1945-49, and it may be symbolic than the primary design change was the removal of "LIBERTE EGALITE FRATERNITE" from the reverse.
Recorded mintage: 25,556,000.
Catalog reference: KM 91.
- Cuhaj, George S., and Thomas Michael, Standard Catalog of World Coins, 1901-2000, 42nd ed., Iola, WI: Krause Publications, 2014.