Afghanistan-Ghaznavid AH421 dinar
The Ghaznavids were a Turkic people who served as slaves in the army during the Samanid empire and upheld orthodox Sunni Islam. As the latter declined in the late 900’s AD, the slave commanders took control of areas on the fringes of the Samanid empire, one of them being the area around Ghazni, Afghanistan. They eventually controlled parts of Pakistan, Iran, Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, and India. They weakened after prolonged conflict with the Ghorids (despite a productive alliance with the Seljuqs), losing Afghanistan and Iran by 1150 AD. They hung on until 1186 in Lahore Pakistan, when they were defeated by Khusrau Malik.The specimen shown was lot 429 in Steve Album sale 16 (Santa Rosa, CA, May 2013), where it did not sell. The catalog description reads:
"GHAZNAVID: Mas'ud I, 1030-1041, AV dinar, Herat, AH421, with month of Rajab, caliph al-Qadir, minor weakness, VF, R. The date appears in the usual position in the obverse inner margin, the month atop the obverse field rather than before the date in the inner marginal legend."
Recorded mintage: unknown.
Specification: 3.49 g, gold.
Catalog reference: A-1619.
- Album, Stephen. Checklist of Islamic Coins. Santa Rosa, 1998. Stephen Album.
- Album, Stephen. Stephen Album Rare Coins - Auction 16. Santa Rosa, 2013. Stephen Album Rare Coins.
- Mitchiner, Michael. Oriental Coins and their Values - The World of Islam. London, 2000. Hawkins Publications.