PCGS 2419 - Lincoln Cent, Wheat Reverse (1909-1958), RD
Navigate to PCGS Numbers for: Lincoln Cent, Wheat Reverse (1909-1958)
- Lincoln Cent, Steel (1943 only)
- Lincoln Cent, Memorial Reverse (1959-Date)
- Lincoln Cent, Commemorative (2009)
- Lincoln Cent, Union Shield (2010-beyond)
Roosevelt, who considered Lincoln the savior of the Union and the greatest Republican President and who also considered himself Lincoln’s political heir, ordered the new Lincoln penny to be based on Brenner's work and that it go just in time to commemorate Lincoln’s 100th birthday in 1909.
In 1909, the U.S. Mint released a new Cent design to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the birth of Abraham Lincoln, America's 16th president. The production of this coin was authorized by Public Law on February 21, 1857, to replace the Bronze Indian Cent used from 1864 through 1909.
From 1909 to 1942, the Lincoln Cent was composed of 95% copper and 5% tin and zinc. In 1943, due to a shortage of metals during the war, the cent was made from a zinc plated, steel planchet. In (1944-1945) the compostion changed once again to what was referred to as Shell-Case Bronze Planchets.
August 2nd, 1909 the new cent was released to the public. This was the first ever U.S. coin that would be released that would contain a real person on the picture. As such, there was much controversy as some people felt that putting a real person on a coin was too similar to the European monarchies. Others felt that a man of Lincoln's importance belonged on a higher denomination coin than a penny. Mint employees were upset that a coin was designed by a mint outsider.
The entire supply of cents was gone in 7 days. According to essays, this initial release contained 27,996,194 1909 VDB and the now scare and key date Lincoln, the 1909 S VDB, that had a mintage of only 404,000. The supply ran dry because only after two days after the official release, on August 4, 1909, production was stopped by order of the Treasury Secretary Franklin MacVeigh.
Although MacVeigh had earlier approved the design, he told reporters that he did not know that Brenner's initials were to appear on the coin and that he was only reacting to widespread public criticism. Many people objected to the size of the letters that Brenner had placed just above the rim on the reverse of the coin. Brenner was angry and threatened to sue as the initials and even full names of other designers had appeared on many previous coins, but there is no indication that he ever followed through on this threat. A suggestion was made to put just the initial “B” on the coin but this was met with fierce resistance by Charles Barber who did not want Brenner's work confused with his own. MacVeigh also claimed that it was cheaper and faster to remove the initials from the hub and leave the die alone. Thus, Brenner's initials were taken off the coin. They did not reappear on the penny until 1918 after the death of Charles Barber. However, the initials were put on Lincoln's shoulder in letters so small that it can barely be seen without magnification. Although there is no hard proof, many believe that anti-Semitism played a large role in the outcry over Brenner's initials on the Lincoln cent.
The Designer/Engraver was, Victor D. Brenner, a talented artist of the time and did a very wonderful thing for numismatics: Design the LINCOLN CENT. Charles Eliot Norton of Harvard, whom Brenner counted among his friends, gave the sculptor an unpublished portrait of Lincoln which served Brenner as a basis for the study of Lincoln's features. However, he examined every portrait to which he was able to obtain access, in order to draw those conclusions that, together with conversations with those who had known Lincoln himself, enabled him to evolve the portrait that appears on the penny. Brenner's initials, in 1909, were found at the bottom of the reverse, but was later removed and was not restored until 1918, a few months after the death of Charles Barber, it was put at the truncation of the bust. Lincoln's hair in real life was straight and wavy, but Brenner made it curled and twisted to give the assasinated President Lincoln a more "appealing" look. Barber modified the portrait of Lincoln in 1916: Lincolns coat and cheeks are less wrinkled; the vigor of the design is attenuated. The obverse has the words "IN GOD WE TRUST" at the very top, the date to the right, "LIBERTY" to the left, and Lincoln's bust in the center. .
Designed by Victor D. Brenner. The reverse has the words "E PLURIBUS UNUM" at the very top, a wheat stalk to the right, another wheat stalk to the left, and the words "ONE CENT" and "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in the center.
- Weight: ( 1909-1942, 1944-1958): 3.11 grams/0.10 ounce
- Diameter: 19.05 mm/0.75 inch
- Thickness: 1.55 mm
- Composition: 95% copper 5% tin-zinc (1909-1942) - (1944-1958) 95% copper 5% zinc
- Rim: Plain
- Mint mark: Obverse under date
Wheat Penny, Wheat Ears Cent, Penny, Cent
Prices realized from past auction lots. (PCGS Holder)
PCGS Price Guide 
- Breen, Walter H., Walter Breen's Complete Encyclopedia of U. S. and Colonial Coins, New York: Doubleday, 1987.
- Keith Scott
- Yeoman, R. S., and Kenneth Bressett (ed.), A Guide Book of United States Coins, 59th Ed., Atlanta, GA: Whitman Publishing, 2005
- U.S. Mint
<gallery> Image:1915 - 1916 Lincoln 1C Comparision.jpg|Photo for comparison of Barbers change to Brenners portrayal of Lincoln. Image:PCGS 2717 - 1943-S 1C 1.jpg|1943-S Zinc coated. Image:1944-D 1C MS66RD PCGS.jpg|1944-D Shell Casing. IMAGE: 1910SLINC.JPG|1910-S PCGS MS64BN IMAGE: 1912SLINC.JPG|1912-S PCGS MS64RB IMAGE: 1913.JPG|1913 PCGS MS66 RB IMAGE: 1914LINC.JPG|1914 PCGS MS64BN IMAGE: 1915DBN.JPG|1915-D PCGS MS64BN|Common in the context of early branch mint Lincolns, these were plentiful in circulation into the 1950's. Mint State coins are seen with frequency in the marketplace, but gems with 'original' color, no spots, and sharply struck are rare. Many are lightly defined on the higher areas due to tired dies and/or the dies being spaced too far apart in the press. image: 1915Sboth.jpg|1915-S PCGS MS64BN IMAGE: 1916LINC.JPG|1916 PCGS MS66RB - Plentiful in all grades including choice and gem Mint State. Sharply struck coins with original mint red-orange and no flecks or spots are scarce, however. Many are found with exquisite sharpness from the strengthened hub this year. Full details coins await your discovery. There are also, however, many from dies spaced too widely apart or which were overly worn. IMAGE: 1916DBOTH.JPG|1916-D PCGS MS64 RD - Sharpness varies due to the use of worn dies and the presence of too much space between dies in the press. Improperly annealed planchets may have been a factor as well. Many sharp examples exist, however, the desirability of which is enhanced by the modified hub this year. image: 1917coin.jpg|1917 PCGS MS65RB IMAGE: 1920COIN.JPG|1920 PCGS MS65RD - The strike is usually decent for 1920, but the dies were not made with the sharp detail seen a decade earlier in the series. Overused dies show graininess. image: 1921coin.jpg|1921 PCGS MS65RB - Although sharply struck coins are rare on a relative basis, enough Mint State coins exist that finding one can be done with patience. In the 1950's this was the one date, among Philadelphia cents of the early 1920's, that occasionally was seen in roll quantities, one or two at a time-with the pieces typically being a bright yellow orange in hue. Most are weakly struck or from tired, overused dies. This is one of the most poorly struck Philadelphia Mint cents of the era. image: 1921slinc.jpg|1921-S PCGS MS64RB - "All 1921-S cents were coined early in the year, before a nationwide recession slowed business activity. Due to a lack of demand from banks, the San Francisco Mint still had in its vaults on June 30, 1922 some 15,493,230 cents of earlier years awaiting distribution. Thus, no more were coined until the latter part of 1923." (David W. Lange image: 1922dcoin.jpg|1922-D PCGS MS65RB - Gem high-grade Mint State coins with original color are very scarce, and some effort will be needed to find one in a combination of high quality, sharp strike, and good eye appeal. Curiously, poorly struck coins and/or those from worn dies are desirable. These have a weak D or no D mintmark at all, furnishing a substitute for a mintmarkless 1922 in a year when no coins were struck at the Philadelphia Mint. Advanced specialists may want to acquire a regular 1922-D and also one with a weak, or better yet, completely missing D. Striking and Sharpness ranges from sharp to very weak.Twenty obverse dies were prepared for the coinage, but it is not known if all were used. Twenty-seven reverses were on hand, but, again, not all may have been used. IMAGE: 1924LINC.JPG|1924 PCGS MS64RB IMAGE: 1925LINC.JPG|1925 PCGS MS66RD image: 1925slinc.jpg|1925-S PCGS MS63BN image: 1926Slinc.jpg|1926-S PCGS MS63BN - Recently Sam Lukes, a Lincoln cent specialist for many years, stated that he has never seen a 1926-S that he would call MS65 RD. Striking and Sharpness is usually with indistinct areas: sup-par. Exceptions are rare. It seems likely that Full Details coins were struck on especially soft planchets, and toned very quickly. Weak strikes that have much of the original color were probably struck on harder planchets, which tended to tone slowly. image: 1927linc.jpg|1927 PCGS MS65RB image: 1927dlinc.jpg|1927-D PCGS MS64RB image: 1928linc.jpg|1928 PCGS MS65RB image: 1929linc.jpg|1929 PCGS MS65RB image: 1930linc.jpg|1930 PCGS MS66RB image: 1930Slinc.jpg|1930-S PCGS MS66RB image: 1931linc.jpg|1931 PCGS MS66RB image: 1931Dlinc.jpg|1931-D PCGS MS65RB image: 1933Dlinc.jpg|1933-D PCGS MS66RD image: 1934Dlinc.jpg|1934-D PCGS MS65RB image: 1935linc.jpg|1935 PCGS MS64RB image: 1935slinc.jpg|1935-S PCGS MS65RB image: 36dlinc.jpg|1936-D PCGS MS65RB image: 37linc.jpg|1937 PCGS MS67RD image: 38linc.jpg|1938 PCGS MS66RB image: 38dlinc.jpg|1938-D PCGS MS65RB image: 38slinc.jpg|1938-S PCGS MS66RD image: 39linc.JPG}1939 PCGS MS67RD image: 40dlinc.jpg|1940-D PCGS MS67RD image: 40slinc.jpg|1940-S PCGS MS65RB image: 41dlink.jpg|1941-D PCGS MS67RB image: 42Dlink.jpg|1942-D PCGS MS66RB image: 46dlinc.jpg|1946-D PCGS MS65RB image: 46slinc.jpg|1946-S PCGS MS66RD image: 47slinc.jpg|1947-S PCGS MS66RD image: 48dlinc.jpg|1948-D PCGS MS66RD image: 1949DCOBV1A.jpg|1949-D PCGS MS66RB image: 49slinc.jpg|1949-S PCGS MS66RB image: 50dlinc.jpg|1950-D PCGS MS66RD image: 53linc.jpg|1953 PCGS MS65 RB image: 53slinc.jpg|1953-S PCGS MS65RB image: 1955linc.jpg|1955 PCGS MS66RD dissertation writing <\gallery>