Brazil 1822-R 80 reis
This specimen was lot 949 in Sedwick sale 25 (Winter Park, FL, May 2018), where it sold for $833. The catalog description noted, "Brazil (Rio mint), copper LXXX (80) reis, Joao VI, 1822-R, NGC AU 58 BN, finest known in NGC census. Dark with hints of blue toning yet somehow lustrous, with choice details but parts of rims crude (as made), finest known by three grades. NGC #4722347-001." The minting of copper eighty réis began in 1811 and continued sporadically thru 1833. This type was struck on the module of the old forty réis. This type was struck at Bahia 1820-23 and Rio 1821-22. Large numbers of this denomination were minted until 1831, well after independence. Counterfeits are numerous, particularly of the Bahia issues, which were cruder than Rio issues. By the 1830's, so many had been issued that the public began to refuse them. In 1835, the government called them in and countermarked them to half their former value to increase their acceptance. Private and counterfeit countermarks also exist, making this series confusing but fascinating to collect.
Recorded mintage: 617,000.
Specification: 13.5 g, .667 fine silver, this specimen 13.44 grams.
Catalog reference: Russo-526; KM-342.2.
- Pimentel, Alvaro Mendes, Catálogo de Moedas Brasileiras de 1643 a 1962, 9a Ed., Rio de Janeiro, 1962.
- Amato, Claudio, Irlei S. Neves and Arnaldo Russo, Livro das Moedas do Brasil, 12a ed. Sao Paulo, 2008.
- Alberto Gomes and Francisco Antonio Magro, Moedas Portuguesas e do Território Que Hoje é Portugal: Catálogo das Moedas Cunhadas para o Continentes e Ilhas Adjacentes, para os Territórios do Ultramar e Grão-Mestres Portugueses da Ordem de Malta, 6ª Edição, Lisbon: Associação Numismática de Portugal, 2013.
- Cuhaj, George S., and Thomas Michael, Standard Catalog of World Coins, 1801-1900, 7th ed., Iola, WI: Krause Publications, 2012.
- Sedwick, Daniel Frank, Augi Garcia and Cori Sedwick Downing, Treasure Auction 25, Winter Park, FL: Daniel Frank Sedwick LLC, 2019.