Bavaria 1644 ducat Fr-195
This specimen was lot 4001 in Goldberg sale 41 (Beverly Hills, May 2007), where it did not sell. The catalog description noted, "Bavaria. Ducat, 1644. Maximilian I, 1598-1651. Elector kneeling before haloed madonna and child. Leg: PRO*ME* O*MARIA*ORA* Incused line under figures with crown, cross and orb below. Reverse: Crowned oval arms with the chain of the Golden fleece. Leg: MAX:CO.P.R.V.BA.D.S.R.I.ARCHID.ET.EL. NGC graded AU-58. Maximilian was known as "the Great" but true greatness eluded him. The Thirty Years War devastated his duchy, and he was constantly forced to make alliances with those he detested to save Bavaria. He appears in this coin before the Madonna, perhaps asking for guidance." This type was struck 1642-47 and tho not cheap, is more available than other Bavarian ducats of the seventeenth century.
Recorded mintage: unknown.
Specification: 3.47 grams. 21.83 mm diameter.
Catalog reference: Fr-195; KM-63 (now KM 274).
- Goldberg, Ira, and Larry Goldberg, Goldberg Sale 41: the Pre-Long Beach Sale, Beverly Hills: Goldberg Coins and Collectibles, 2007.
- Friedberg, Arthur L. and Ira S. Friedberg, Gold Coins of the World, From Ancient Times to the Present, 7th ed., Clifton, NJ: Coin and Currency Institute, 2003.
- Cuhaj, George S., and Thomas Michael, Standard Catalog of World Coins, 1601-1700, 6th ed., Iola, WI: Krause Publications, 2014.